Eighteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 114

Reading 1 ECC 1:2; 2:21-23

Vanity of vanities, says Qoheleth,
vanity of vanities! All things are vanity!

Here is one who has labored with wisdom and knowledge and skill,
and yet to another who has not labored over it,
he must leave property.
This also is vanity and a great misfortune.
For what profit comes to man from all the toil and anxiety of heart
with which he has labored under the sun?
All his days sorrow and grief are his occupation;
even at night his mind is not at rest.
This also is vanity.

Responsorial Psalm PS 90:3-4, 5-6, 12-13, 14, 17

R. (1) If today you hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
You turn man back to dust,
saying, “Return, O children of men.”
For a thousand years in your sight
are as yesterday, now that it is past,
or as a watch of the night.
R. If today you hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
You make an end of them in their sleep;
the next morning they are like the changing grass,
Which at dawn springs up anew,
but by evening wilts and fades.
R. If today you hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
Teach us to number our days aright,
that we may gain wisdom of heart.
Return, O LORD! How long?
Have pity on your servants!
R. If today you hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
Fill us at daybreak with your kindness,
that we may shout for joy and gladness all our days.
And may the gracious care of the LORD our God be ours;
prosper the work of our hands for us!
Prosper the work of our hands!
R. If today you hear his voice, harden not your hearts.

Reading 2 COL 3:1-5, 9-11

Brothers and sisters:
If you were raised with Christ, seek what is above,
where Christ is seated at the right hand of God.
Think of what is above, not of what is on earth.
For you have died,
and your life is hidden with Christ in God.
When Christ your life appears,
then you too will appear with him in glory.

Put to death, then, the parts of you that are earthly:
immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire,
and the greed that is idolatry.
Stop lying to one another,
since you have taken off the old self with its practices
and have put on the new self,
which is being renewed, for knowledge,
in the image of its creator.
Here there is not Greek and Jew,
circumcision and uncircumcision,
barbarian, Scythian, slave, free;
but Christ is all and in all.

Gospel LK 12:13-21

Someone in the crowd said to Jesus,
“Teacher, tell my brother to share the inheritance with me.”
He replied to him,
“Friend, who appointed me as your judge and arbitrator?”
Then he said to the crowd,
“Take care to guard against all greed,
for though one may be rich,
one’s life does not consist of possessions.”

Then he told them a parable.
“There was a rich man whose land produced a bountiful harvest.
He asked himself, ‘What shall I do,
for I do not have space to store my harvest?’
And he said, ‘This is what I shall do:
I shall tear down my barns and build larger ones.
There I shall store all my grain and other goods
and I shall say to myself, “Now as for you,
you have so many good things stored up for many years,
rest, eat, drink, be merry!”’
But God said to him,
‘You fool, this night your life will be demanded of you;
and the things you have prepared, to whom will they belong?’
Thus will it be for all who store up treasure for themselves
but are not rich in what matters to God.”

Sermon and Homily Notes

Dear friends in Jesus Christ!

Today we celebrate the 18th Sunday of the ordinary time. All the readings are inviting us to reflect on the aspects of permanent and impermanent.

Today’s first reading is taken  from the book of Ecclesiastes. The book of Ecclesiastes speaks of impermanent or vanity of vanities! All things are vanity!

Who is the Author of the Book?

Now let us understand the book of Ecclesiastes. It is believed that the book of Ecclesiastes was written by king Solomon. The references are given down.

Ekklesiastou is the Greek word used in the LXX which we find translated “Teacher.”

1:1 The words of the Teacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem:

1:12 I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

12:9 Not only was the Teacher wise, but he also taught knowledge to the people;

12:10 The Teacher sought to find delightful words, and to write accurately truthful sayings.

2. What is the Structure of the book?

Garrett3 offers a good outline of the book in the following . . .

1. Introduction (1:1-2)

2. On time and the World (1:3-11)

3. On Wisdom (1:12-18)

4. On Wealth (2:1-11)

5. On Wisdom (2:12-17)

6. On Wealth (2:18-26)

7. On Time and the World (3:1-15b)

8. On Politics (3:15c-17)

9. On Death (3:18-22)

10. On Politics (4:1-3)

11. On Wealth (4:4-8)

12. On Friendship (4:9-12)

13. On Politics (4:13-16)

14. On Religion (5:1-7)

15. On Politics (5:8-9)

16. On Wealth (5:10-6:6)

17. Transition (6:7-9)

18. On Wisdom and Death (6:10-7:4)

19. Transition (7:5-6)

20. On Wisdom and Politics (7:7-9)

21. Transition (7:10)

22. On Wisdom and Wealth (7:11-14)

23. On Wisdom and Religion (7:15-29)

24. Transition (8:1)

25. On Politics (8:2-6)

26. Transition (8:7-8)

27. On Theodicy (8:9-9:1)

28. Transition (9:2)

29. On Death and Contentment (9:3-10)

30. Transition (9:11-12)

31. On Politics (9:13-10:17)

32. Transition (10:18-20)

33. On Wealth (11:1-6)

34. On Death and Contentment (11:7-12:7)

35. Conclusion (12:8-14)

3. What is the message or spirituality of the Book?

The book is very clear that every thing is vanity of vanities and  God is permanent and He will judge for your actions.

 4. Chapters of the Book

Everything is meaningless
Wisdom is meaningless
Pleasures Are Meaningless
Wisdom and Folly Are Meaningless
Toil Is Meaningless
A Time for Everything
Oppression, Toil, Friendlessness
Advancement Is Meaningless
Fulfill Your Vow to God
Riches Are Meaningless
A Common Destiny for All
Wisdom Better Than Folly
Invest in Many Ventures
Remember Your Creator While Young
The Conclusion of the Matter

5. Beautiful Concluding Words in the Bible in Chapter 12

13 Now all has been heard;
here is the conclusion of the matter:
Fear God and keep his commandments,
for this is the duty of all mankind.
14 For God will bring every deed into judgment,
including every hidden thing,
whether it is good or evil.